freshwater fish examples

There are two forms of communities that thrive in freshwater: the lentic and the lotic communities. Keep in larger groups in larger tanks to diffuse aggression. May only eat live food. Freshwater Fish of America We’ve provided a look into 42 species of freshwater fish—including largemouth bass, walleye, catfish, crappie, northern pike, trout, and more! You like breeding fish. Does not usually breed in captivity. Can be aggressive if kept in small numbers, aim for a group of 6 or more. Read a cool article we have on the lifespan of a goldfish and the anatomy of a goldfish. Very likely to jump out of the tank unless there are some floating aquatic plants. The scientific name of common carp is Cyprinus Carpio. Both make for an interesting read. Not readily available in the aquarium trade. It is best put with other large tetras or with fish of similar size or larger. Bred in captivity but often badly inbred, making them less hardy and susceptible to diseases. Despite this, they still remain to be one of the most popular freshwater fish around the world. Good community schooling fish. It is more comfortable in indirect light. Catfish.. This fish is similar to the neon tetra other than coloration. Guppies. Freshwater fish like goldfish are not able to survive in sea water because of the high content of salt. They are best kept in small groups of three. Plecostomus grow huge and outgrow most beginners aquariums so think carefully before purchasing one. Other than this, Pearl gouramis are rather friendly and can live peacefully with other fish in a community tank of at least 30 gallons and have lots of hiding spaces. 41.24% of all known species of fish are found in fresh water. You like a unique and colorful tank! Our mission is to grow this hobby that we all love so much and help others run successful aquariums and enjoy them for years to come. Will breed in home tanks. Unless you want this to happen, it’s better to keep only one sex in a single tank. Aggressive, Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories, Cobalt blue cichlid, cobalt zebra cichlid, 'giraffe' spotting is juvenile coloration only. Cory cats also do well in community tanks as they’re fairly non-confrontational and tend to ignore other fish. To survive fresh water, the fish need a range of physiological adaptations. Angelfish are not as hardy as other cichlids and should not be kept with small fish such as neon tetras. The Eye Catcher: 3 Guppies, 2 Mollies, and 2 Platies. Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. Pairs hold small territories around caves or pots and display to neighbors. Requires a very large tank. Needs generous amounts of plants. Until recently considered conspecific with the longear sunfish. Formerly considered conspecific with the spotted sunfish. Also known as Harlequin tetra or Harlequin barb. All are hardy, peaceful, and highly social; keep in groups. Peaceful and dwells at the top of the tank in schools. They are practically raised in rivers, and moved to ponds where they can also adapt very well. Several species of panaque are popular aquarium fish. Similar to odessa barb but requires somewhat more space. Best kept in a species tank or with very small peaceful fish, to enjoy its beautiful appearance and interesting behavior. Populations vary in color and pattern. Although they are smaller than the tiger shovelnose, these catfish are extremely aggressive and extremely fast. A schooling fish (keep in groups). Mullet. These fisheries are both a source of subsistence for local … The perch is a freshwater fish. One of the most common fish for new aquarists. As with the cory cats and plecos, the kuhli loach is a bottom feeder that will be quite happy even with just food scraps, but its favorite snacks are live foods like bloodworms and small shrimp. Like most barbs, needs a diet with some vegetable food or algae. lutino variety can also be found in the aquarium trade, sold as feeder fish; the gold variety known as "rosy red" is very common (the image is of the "rosy red" strain). They’re best kept in a 20 to 30-gallon tank that’s decorated with synthetic plants, as goldfish have the nasty habit of digging into roots. A few color varieties have been made from the wild species, even some multicolored. The blind cave tetra is easy to care for and is hardy. Edible freshwater fish. Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories, less aggressive than other mbuna, Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories. Can only be fed live or frozen foods. This is because that if two are kept together, the larger fish will pick on the smaller fish. Everyday is a school day in this hobby. These environments differ from marine conditions in many ways, the most obvious being the difference in levels of salinity. Wild type females are larger and much less red than males. This fish can survive out of the water and ", Albino form is common in the aquarium trade, needs a large aquarium. A peaceful algae eater. For one, angelfish require a tank of at least 20 gallons due to their size. Shy but territorial. Pleco is a species of catfish that is very popular among freshwater aquarium owners. various color varieties, the discus requires high water quality and a varied diet. Aquascaped aquariums look incredible with a large school of neons. Hardy and tolerant. Brochis is often synonymized with Corydoras. A "neon" form is available; both males and females are bright red. Catadromous fish are born in saltwater, then migrate into freshwater as juveniles where they grow into adults before migrating back … They are carnivorous in nature and would eat most smaller organisms, though they would do well in a community tank as long as they’re housed with non-aggressive fish. Note that Amphilophus labiatus is also called red devil cichlid, Note that Amphilophus citrinellus is also called red devil cichlid, Exceptionally beautiful adult coloration; large adult size, Common, very easy to breed, aggressive. Several color morphs available. The oscar cichlid is fast growing and can grow to a very large size when mature, and therefore should be housed in a large aquarium. Guppies A colorful freshwater aquarium fish that are perfect for beginners are Guppies. They are a hardy fish, and they can eat regular fish flakes. This fish may nip the fins of slow-moving fish or fish smaller than it. Plaice. Mostly found in water bodies in Asia and Europe. Generally hardy and peaceful; considered a standard choice for less experienced aquarists. Threadfins have very tiny mouths and cannot compete well with other fish for food. However, not all fishkeepers find it easy to take care of them, so proceed with caution. Can live without aeration. 20 gallons is just about the right size for a small school of mollies. Sufficiently peaceful for larger (40 gal+) home aquariums, though it may bite fishes smaller than its size. Regardless of which breed you choose in the end, remember to always treat them with all the love and care that every fish deserves. Difficult to breed in captivity, most halfbeaks sold are wild-caught. You want something colorful and vibrant in your community tank. They hide during the day. You’re interested in seeing their bright red color! These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Hardiest, easiest-care species of aquarium pencilfish. In the scientific community it is not considered a cichlid (or any species of fish) because it does not occur naturally in the wild (created by man), for this reason it will not be given a scientific name. These fish also enjoy eating sinking pellets. Due to their small size, the neon tetra should not be kept with large or aggressive fish. The most hardy of all the hatchetfish, but not the most plentiful. Comparing Aquarium Gravel To Sand – Which Is Best For Your Tank? You like bright-colored fish to brighten up your tank, but not. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. You want a change from your typical community fish. Instead, they are best kept with other oscars, preferably in groups of 5 or more. This yet to be officially named species is intermediate in scale count between gibberosa and frontosa. Pompano (Florida) R. Rainbow Trout (farm-raised) S. Sablefish. They do prefer being kept in schools of at least five tetras, though. Does not compete well with larger fish. The albino form is common in the aquarium trade. They generally need a ratio of 1 male to 2 females or more. Minute thread-like plants that lack chlorophyll. Largemouth Bass. Many species of this fish exist, but are not yet officially identified; the three common aquarium species are known as L-018, L-081, and L-177. Starting a freshwater aquarium, especially with popular freshwater fish, is one of the most exciting parts of becoming a fishkeeper. The oscar should be put with fish of similar size as they will eat any fish that can fit in their mouth. You already have a few years of experience under your belt and you want something exotic and premium in your tank. You want to see something different from the typical fish in your tank. Anadromous fish are born in freshwater, then migrate to the ocean as juveniles where they grow into adults before migrating back into freshwater to spawn.. Also, you want an easy way to keep the bottom of your tank clean at all times. The Neon tetra is an extremely easy fish to care for, which is one of the main reasons why they’re usually the first fish that any beginner fish keeper is recommended to buy. This common name is used for three different species of schooling fish with similar patterns: Active, sensitive to water quality, prefers moving water. Rainbowfish may seem like any other regular fish at first glance, but give them a few years and they’ll grow into stunning and vibrantly colored fish. Many parasites may go through several life stages and hosts before becoming adults. Clown loach has a sociable personality and should be kept in at least groups of 5. It can also be pretty hard to make a final decision, what with all the options out there at your disposal. the black phantom tetra enjoy being in groups of 6 or more and a slightly shaded tank. Bright red coloration on males; females are slightly larger and show less red. Gray bichir, Senegal bichir, or dinosaur bichir. This olive-green fish can reach a … Walleye Many people call walleye the best-tasting fish in freshwater, although yellow perch should also get the same accolades, as they are a smaller cousin. A beautiful fish with bad temper. Be very careful when conducting maintenance on their aquarium and hide any wires because they may chew through the waterproof coverings. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This fish is generally peaceful. These strong swimmers can flourish even in the most unpleasant of conditions. The easiest way to tell a Cardinal tetra from a Neon Tetra is the colorings. Keep in groups of 3 or more. These fish will be featured in many lists: Best Cleaning Aquarium Fish list and Most Popular Catfish List etc. Lack of oxygen | Hungry | Why? Often confused with the croaking gourami. Take a look! They eat algae and decaying aquatic plants. The black tetra is also known as the black skirt tetra. A very active species. The neon tetra only has red that goes half way across their body. Kissing prochilodus, flagtail Prochilodus. Indeed, the initial excitement of picking your own fish, designing the tank, and putting everything together may be too much to bear for any pet lover. Also, you’re entertained by the image of catfish trying to launch themselves out of water. Many other cyprinids are sometimes mistakenly sold under this name. Fungi usually attack fish only when the skin has been injured through abrasion or by other parasites. best kept either alone, or in groups of 5 or more individuals. Bluefin Notho, Rachow's Notho, Rainbow Notho. A schooling species. You like small and brightly colored fish that are easy to care for and look incredible in planted aquariums. Amphibian. Considered most beautiful freshwater fish by some killifish enthusiasts. The Phantom tetra goes well with other tetras of similar size. Rarely breeds in captivity. this species may be sold as Siamese algae eater. Their mouths look small, but may eat smaller fish, as they can open their mouths very wide. However, the fish is very peaceful and will not attack another member of the tank. Sometimes called Feeder platy because can be used to feed larger fish like Stingrays, Payara, Cichlids, Pickerel, Catfish, Sunfish, Arowanas, Gar, Arapaima, and other predator fish. Needs somewhat more space than N. multifasciatus, Males very aggressive; juveniles distinctively colored, other hemichromis species are sometimes sold under the same name, Lifalili jewel cichlid, blood-red jewel cichlid, Readily breed in small aquaria. Distinguished from the similar L. similis by the lack of striping on the face. Freshwater creatures live in water that is not salty....Lake Balaton, the largest freshwater lake in Europe. People around the world harvest fish from these habitats, providing enough animal protein to feed 158 million people worldwide. Per 3.5 ounce (100-gram) serving, striped bass … They can also be kept in a community tank as long as they’re with their school of at least 5 other rainbowfish and the other fish breeds are non-aggressive. The frontosa have recently been broken up into three separate species. Harliquin Rasboras are peaceful schooling fish that are native to Southeast Asia, specifically Thailand. These fish remain to be the most popular and most recognizable freshwater fish of all time, thanks to their unique look and exposure in mainstream media. Angelfish are recognizable for their unique triangular shape and long fins. They are usually kept only in singles or in pairs since they grow quite large. This colorful and lively fish is able to adapt to a variety of water conditions which is one of the reasons they are so popular. They are very peaceful and are usually just lounging around the aquarium, looking for scraps of food. The Cory Catfish, or Corydoras, is a very popular breed among freshwater tank owners. The name "silver dollar" may also refer to, The red-bellied pacu is a close relative of the. In spite of its small size, it requires a larger tank (30"/29 gal or more), Generally hardy and peaceful. This powerful leaper can easily jump out of an aquarium, so keep only in a fully covered tank. It will school with similarly sized and tempered fish. They may eat pond snails kept in aquariums. Read our guide on the best aquascaping fish. Other related fish also share this common name. Neon tetras usually grow just up to 2 centimeters long and are fine in a smaller tank of 5-10 gallons. One of the several fish sold under this name; there is also an albino variation. Discus are one of the most incredible fish that you will ever keep in a home aquarium. One of the most popular Hypancistrus species. For example, freshwater sources enable the development of fisheries. For example, all fish are vertebrates, but hagfish technically don't have a spine. Cardinal tetras are usually more expensive and classed as a more desirable fish compared to neons. a number of similar Pangio species are sold under the same name. Hanna has researched freshwater fish in African streams and birds that live near freshwater ecosystems in Canada. Most of all, they love algae, which means that they can also help you keep your tank clean without much effort. Guppies don’t grow very big so you can actually keep about 15 guppies in a 5-gallon tank or about 3 guppies per gallon. They come in all sorts of color combinations which makes them a good way to make your tank one of a kind. Sensitive to water quality. Not a true goby, a gudgeon. That’s it for our list of 21 examples of popular freshwater fish breeds. Besides, they’re better off in 3-10 gallon tanks with space for a heater and a filter. Ground-level: 6 Dwarf Corydoras such as the Panda Corydoras Catfish, Skunk Corydoras Catfish, or Albino Corydoras Catfish. One of the few freshwater aquarium fish that survive in cold water. They work well with other fish but should be kept in a school of 3 or more if you want more than 1. Also, goldfish have a lifespan of 15-20 years as long as they’re given adequate nutrition. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Cherry barbs get their name from the cherry red color that males get when spawning young. O. Orange Roughy. 1/8 to 3" Tadpoles are young frogs and toads. May hunt and eat aquarium shrimp. Females are larger than males. No list of 21 examples of popular freshwater fish is complete without the very popular goldfish. Although they’re not particularly scaredy-cats, they do like hiding away randomly and tend to get stressed out if they don’t find a place to hide. Aggressive and territorial towards other fishes especially its own kind during mating and after spawning, Kribensis, krib, many common names because of many subspecies. 6+ being the preferred size. Over-head lighting is preferred and under no circumstances should light be directed at the front or rear glass. Cambodian log sucker, false Siamese algae eater, This species may be sold as Siamese algae eater. You like watching your pet fish actively swimming around the tank. Why is my goldfish gasping for air? They also prefer being alone, which means that if you’re planning to put them in a community tank, it has to be at least 20 gallons with lots of space for the betta to hide. This fish should only be kept by the experienced aquarium keeper. They are very hard in nature... 2. This fish is very hardy and can stand a variety of water qualities. When de Accepts a variety of foods (flakes, pellets, krill, brine shrimp, bloodworms, and live prey). It’s a very hardy eel-like fish that can easily withstand minor changes in its aquatic environment. Guppies are perfect beginner fish for one main reason; they’re so easy to care for, you might even forget that you have fish in the first place. Our team is made up of several writers all of whom are experienced fish-keepers, store owners and writers within the hobby. You should keep guppies in sets of threes, and a good guide for the tank size, is 1 gallon of water per guppy. Hunts and eats small shrimp. aggressive with other fish of same species. Most st… Cardinal tetras look very similar to neon tetras and people often get confused between the two. They’re very peaceful fish and enjoy playing and befriending other fish in a community tank, regardless of their breed. Peaceful when small but should not be kept with other species at adulthood. Georgia ranks third in the nation for the number of native freshwater fishes; only Alabama and Tennessee have more species. A schooling species (keep in groups of 8-10). Peaceful and dwells at the top of the tank in schools. The gibberosa come from the southern part of the Lake. This fish is very prone to diseases, and can grow larger than most tetra species. Examples: salmon, smelt, American shad, hickory shad, striped bass, lamprey, gulf sturgeon. Less aggressive with members of its own species than most pencilfish; males rarely spar. These are grown in freshwater lakes. They’re not very picky when it comes to food but they do enjoy snacking on live food occasionally. We have a complete care guide for you to read if the firemouth cichlid has peaked your interest. Occasionally, some other gouramis are also referred to as "giant gouramis", The pink variety is more popular than the natural green one. Contrary to popular belief, mollies shouldn’t be kept in small tanks. A freshwater lake contains water that is not salty, usually in contrast to the sea. They do very well in community tanks and can be kept with other fish species, such as mollies or guppies for example. You like their aesthetics and would like to get some pops of color into your community tank. The ecosystems are home to more than 40 percent of the world's fish species. Very similar to N. multifsciatus but similis has striping from the body continue to the head, Often recommended for first-time cichlid keepers. We have a staggering collective total of 200+ Years of experience in the business between all of us who write for FishKeeping Forever. Flounder and halibut are two examples of demersal fish. Nocturnal, can slither around out of water as long as they stay wet. Naturally swims and rests at a 45-degree angle. No wonder they’re one of the popular freshwater fish breeds. Many color and tail pattern varieties exist. Not as common as other livebearers in the aquarium trade. Adults of both sexes develop spectacular reflective scales. You like your tank filled with just a single breed of fish. Betta is the name of the, Various color varieties each given a different name (blue gourami, gold gourami, and opaline gourami). A vast number of aquatic species have successfully adapted to live in the freshwater aquarium. Bloodfin Tetras: This fish is mainly identified by its shining silver body and red fins. Otherwise a peaceful species. Smaller even than the neon tetra. The wild type of this species is greenish-gray and rarely seen for sale. I don’t think there will ever be an article written about the most popular tropical fish that does not include these fish. Guppies are the opposite of bettas–they’re sociable and would actually do best in schools of at least 3 fish or more. Will not thrive with larger fish. A good beginner fish, but sensitive to water quality. Shrimp. About 265 species are considered native to the state, which includes 245 described species and 20 species that have not yet been formally described by ichthyologists. You like establishing a healthy relationship with your pets and perhaps even teaching them a couple of tricks too! The same applies to fish that live in saline water, except they are unable to survive in fresh water. Fish Up to 2 1/2" They live in ditches, ponds, and lakes eating mosquito larvae and other insects. Rounding out my top 5 favorite freshwater fish to catch is the Northern Pike! Firewood catfish, (planiceps) shovelnose catfish. Sea Trout. Unfortunately, they’re also very aggressive towards other species, which means that it’s impossible to keep them in a community tank. Males defend small territories. US), Numerous color and fin pattern varieties. Often confused with the pygmy gourami, but larger. Large, small, peaceful, easy and hard to keep tropical freshwater fishes. These cookies do not store any personal information. Very hardy, breeds in captivity, tolerates small tanks. Very useful for getting rid of algae when it is young but prefer fish food upon reaching adulthood. You like seeing – and perhaps showing off to visitors – their unique sword-like fin. they require aquarium salt in the water or hard water. Needs good water quality, prefers low light. Georgia’s freshwater fishes are arranged in 27 different families of fishes, which are groups o… You don’t want to deal with algae in your tank. How to keep, breed, choose tank mates. They like river sand in the tank because they like to cover themselves in it. Corydoras Sterbia is still one of my all-time favorite Cory catfish. If you’re wondering which fish can live safely with Tiger Oscars then read our Tiger Oscar tank mate guide. Danios: Danios is a great small fish for the beginners. When they live in fresh water, their bodies tend to take up water because the environment is relatively hypotonic, as illustrated in Figure 1. Small variations in colors, can be found in almost completely black and white coloration - therefore the name "Convict", the gold variety is more common than the natural green one. Clown loaches will eventually need a 6' long aquarium. It may not be easy caring for our aquatic friends, but it’s definitely worth all the effort. In the scientific community it is not considered a cichlid (or any species of fish) because it does not occur naturally in the wild (created by man), for this reason it will not be given a scientific name. They are very peaceful as long as you only keep one male killifish since males of this species can often get aggressive during the mating season. Often recommended for nano tanks. Like many fishes, more tolerant of distantly related species (i.e. 130 most popular aquarium fishes. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. very peaceful and hardy, and works well with white clouds and neon tetras. The ever-hungry Platy fish are vibrant, friendly fish that can be found in a variety of colors. A small shell-dwelling cichlid from Lake Tanganyika. Although the behavior and characteristics tend to be the same from fish to fish, Guppies come in a wide range of colors. Will crossbreed with, Gold and silver varieties commonly found; also thrive in brackish water, The dalmatian molly is a hybrid color variation that can be generated by crossing some species of. High oxygen level and water quality required in addition to a strong current. Suitable for small to mid-sized aquariums but cannot compete with more aggressive fish and males kept together may fight. It needs a cave, and will feed when the aquarium light is out. Several color varieties available. The largest of the shovelnoses, this catfish grows huge and will need a 450 US gallons (1,700 L) min when mature. Thanks to their unique look and relatively cheap price, they are a very popular choice in pet stores. This kind of fish is found in a flaming gorge reservoir, Lake Mohave, Aral Sea, and more places. Like the betta fish, the kuhli loach also hails from Southeast Asia. They come in all shapes and sizes but can grow up to 6 inches long and 8 inches tall. A small shell-dwelling cichlid from Lake Tanganyika. In my spare time I play golf very badly! A true schooling fish, Neon tetra look amazing in large groups in a well-planted aquarium. One of the best choices for first-time cichlid keepers and smaller aquaria. It is relatively tolerant of other fish chasing and/or bulling it. Read why in one of our sterbia care guides. For example, a dwarf gourami's official scientific name is Trichogaster laium, where the first word represents the animal genus and the second is the precise species within that genus. Fairly common. Requires space to swim; not suitable for nano tanks in spite of its small size. An active, shoaling species; keep in groups, but may be aggressive with members of the same species in smaller (under 40 gal) tanks. It’s not uncommon for oscars to be taught how to do tricks. Among the less aggressive of the sunfishes. They can be kept in a community tank, though they do get a little aggressive during breeding season, so most experienced fishkeepers would recommend keeping them on their own instead. A gold colored form also exists. There are many types, and they vary widely in their size, needs and temperament. Freshwater Ecology. Males may claim small territories and occasionally minor battles may occur.

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