Cautions. It is a Source of Antioxidants and Vitamins It contains many different beneficial antioxidants and active compounds that can help prevent damage caused by free radicals in the body. Though the tiny sweet red berries ("haws") are used in jams, jellies, candies, and wines, all parts of the plant—the leaves, flowers, berries, stems, and even the bark—have long been used in herbal medicine as digestive, kidney, and anti-anxiety aids. Hawthorn berry benefits extend past improved cardiovascular health, blood pressure, and cholesterol. In this study, 120 patients with heart failure were randomized to receive 450 milligrams of hawthorn twice a day or a placebo for six months. Benefit-Risk Assessment of Crataegus Extract WS 1442: An Evidence-Based Review, Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure, Hawthorn Extract Randomized Blinded Chronic Heart Failure (HERB CHF) trial, Promising hypotensive effect of hawthorn extract: a randomized double-blind pilot study of mild, essential hypertension, Hypotensive effects of hawthorn for patients with diabetes taking prescription drugs: a randomised controlled trial, Effect of hawthorn standardized extract on flow mediated dilation in prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults: a randomized, controlled cross-over trial, Hawthorn Extract Alleviates Atherosclerosis through Regulating Inflammation and Apoptosis Related Factors: An Experimental Study, The New Healing Herbs, The Essential Guide to More Than 125 of Nature's Most Potent Herbal Remedies, Effect of hawthorn standardized extract on flow-mediated dilation in prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults: a randomized, controlled cross-over trial, Anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, free-radical-scavenging, and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn berries ethanol extract, Hypotensive effects of hawthorn for patients with diabetes taking prescription drugs: a randomised controlled trial, Hawthorn Extract Alleviates Atherosclerosis through, Regulating Inﬂammation and Apoptosis-Related Factors: An Experimental Study, A study of the comparative effects of hawthorn fruit compound and simvastatin on lowering blood lipid levels. Overdosing can result in low blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias., Hawthorn may increase the effectiveness of some heart medications and interfere with others. It is native to the northern hemisphere and grows in temperate climates throughout the world, including North America, Europe and Asia. To prepare an infusion, use two teaspoons of crushed leaves or fruit per cup of boiling water and steep for 20 minutes; drink up to two cups a day., The most rigorously studied hawthorn extract, WS 1442, is standardized to 17 percent to 20 percent oligomeric procyanidins, and can be purchased in commercial preparations, including tablets, capsules, and tinctures. 2006 56(527):437-43. Your heart will be … The first study on hawthorn, published in 1896, reported on 43 patients suffering from various forms of heart disease who were treated with hawthorn with promising results.. Eur J Heart Fail. Phytother Res. Clinically studied to rapidly produce nitric oxide in the body. A minimum effective dose for adjunctive therapy in mild congestive heart failure is 300 milligrams of standardized extract daily. Hawthorn is approved for congestive heart failure by Germany's Commission E, an expert panel that evaluates herbal remedies. How Hawthorn Berry Works. How Hawthorn is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. What's more, hawthorn-taking participants were found to have lower levels of anxiety., In a study published in 2006, scientists discovered that taking 1,200 milligrams a day of hawthorn extract helped lower blood pressure among individuals taking prescription drugs to treat their type 2 diabetes., However, a more recent study, published in 2012, found that taking 1,000 milligrams, 1,500 milligrams, or 2,500 milligrams of hawthorn extract twice daily for three and a half days did not affect blood pressure in hypertensive individuals., Hawthorn did show benefit for chest pain (angina) in patients with congestive heart failure. Also keep in mind that the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications have not been established. December 2018. The hawthorn herb has been used to treat a variety of health conditions, including digestive problems, kidney stones, and cardiovascular disease. The flowers of common hawthorn have a single stigma, whereas Midland hawthorn has two. Although native to northern Europe, today hawthorn is grown all around the world. Holubarsch Christian J. F., Wilson S. Colucci, Jaan Eha. Holubarsch CJF, Colucci WS, Eha J. Benefit-Risk Assessment of Crataegus Extract WS 1442: An Evidence-Based Review. Dahmer S, Scott E. Health effects of hawthorn. The medicinal benefits of hawthorn are derived through either liquid or dry extracts. According to a report by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, scientists think hawthorn benefits the heart by causing a dilation of the smooth muscle that lines the coronary arteries, thereby increasing blood flow to the heart. Walker AF, Marakis G, Simpson E, Hope JL, Robinson PA, Hassanein M, Simpson HC. Talk with your health care provider first before taking hawthorn or other supplements. A study published in Experimental Biology and Medicine looked at the effects of hawthorn. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine. In modern times, this ancient medicinal herb, which is widely available in many forms as a dietary supplement, is still popular for its effects on heart health, primarily: The leaves, flowers, and berries of hawthorn contain an abundance of phytonutrients (antioxidants) called oligomeric proanthocyanidins and flavonoids, which are thought to be responsible for its pharmacologic effect. BMC Complement Altern Med. of good health. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. Do not use hawthorn if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. As you age, you may need additional support to generate Nitric Oxide. 2002;16(1):48-54. doi:10.1002/ptr.947. Fortunately, side effects of hawthorn for men and women are rare and tolerance is rarely an issue. If you have any adverse effects or don’t notice any improvement in your condition within six to 12 weeks, see your doctor. The benefit of propagating from seeds is always in the variety it throws up: each of the plants will flower at a very slightly different time, leaf up at a different moment, have subtly different haws, making them less likely to all be damaged or wiped out by a freak frost or a particular disease. Drink hawthorn tea up to three times daily after meals, using 1 teaspoon of hawthorn leaves and flowers or a hawthorn berry tea steeped in 8 ounces of water. Most of the time, you can find hawthorn growing along the sides of sunny wooded hills. A member of the rose family, hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is a thorny, flowering tree or shrub native to temperate regions of Europe, North America, and northern Asia. These can protect against the development of certain cancers and help protect cells from abnormalities and damage. A small clinical study researched the effects of aerobic exercise and hawthorn on 80 stable angina pectoris patients ranging from 45 to 65 years old. Each is packed with beneficial flavonoids, oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs), saponins, phenolic acids, and other phytonutrients that encourage good health and stimulate internal healing mechanisms. , The most effective dosage isn't currently known. Am J Chin Med. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Rodale; 2010. If you have heart disease, do not self-treat. In terms of the health benefits of these fascinating berry fruits, they were traditionally used in India, China, and a number of other countries as digestive aids, and they have also be… Make sure there are no interactions with other medications or supplements. Phytother Res. The researchers found that it lowered serum cholesterol in mice and could potentially have a similar effect on humans. Am J Cardiovasc Drug. Hawthorn can help improve the amount of blood pumped out of the heart during contractions, widen the blood vessels, and increase the transmission of nerve signals. Midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata). Hawthorn plants (crataegus oxyacantha, crataegus monogyna, or crataegus laevigata), are deciduous plants that are actually thorny shrubs or small trees in the rose family. Promising hypotensive effect of hawthorn extract: a randomized double-blind pilot study of mild, essential hypertension. Read about the many benefits of prickly ash. 2002 16(1):48-54. There’s a lot of rose family plants with cyanoglycosides in the seeds, including apples, cherries, plums and peaches. The high antioxidant content found in hawthorn helps provide anti-inflammatory effects. The researchers found lower liver triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the group that received the hawthorn extracts. A 2008 animal study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry tested the free-radical-scavenging, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, and antimicrobial effects of a hawthorn berry ethanol extract. Can Stinging Nettle Treat Arthritis, Allergies, and Enlarged Prostate? Hawthorn Extract Alleviates Atherosclerosis through Regulating Inﬂammation and Apoptosis-Related Factors: An Experimental Study. Hawthorns are in the same subfamily as apples and likely have poisonous seeds like apples. Hawthorn may not be a panacea health remedy to cure or fully prevent ailments, but it has been shown to exhibit overall health benefits due to its antioxidant properties (to combat oxidative stress) and been used to help treat anxiety, menstrual issues digestive issues — such as tapeworm and intestinal infections. Could reduce oxidative damage. This was the first such study to find that hawthorn berry benefits can include mitigating the hypotensive effects in patients with type 2 diabetes who are also taking medication. Research has also shown that hawthorn can help improve metabolic effects, particularly in patients with high cardiovascular risk. © 2020 Human Power of N, Co. All rights reserved. What are the side effects of hawthorn berries? Add a supplement or berry extract and follow the dosing guide included in this article. Effect of hawthorn standardized extract on flow mediated dilation in prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults: a randomized, controlled cross-over trial. The plant also contains vitamins B and C. 3 In some parts of Portugal, children were given haws to eat because of their high nutritional content. The problem is you may not know it’s happening. Pittler MH, Guo R, Ernst E. Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure. 2012 Mar 29;12:26. The common hawthorn fruits have a single seed, whereas the fruits of Midland hawthorn have two seeds. The Health Benefits of the Ayurvedic Herb Phyllanthus, Understanding the Benefits of Cissus Quadrangularis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. The Cochrane Library (a reputable, strict reviewer of scientific evidence) published, “results suggest that there is a significant benefit in symptom control and physiologic outcomes from hawthorn extract as an adjunctive treatment for chronic heart failure.”. Only take it under your doctor's supervision if you've been prescribed blood pressure medication or Lanoxin (digoxin), and don't take it with other herbs or supplements that have cardiac effects.. Anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, free-radical-scavenging, and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn berries ethanol extract. Another animal study published in the Journal of Food Medicine concluded that the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of hawthorn can protect against colitis — inflammation of the colon. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. Our SuperBeets® family consists of five unique formulations for your body’s every need. What Are the Health Benefits of Hawthorn Extract?. Fresh hawthorn can be prepared as a tincture, a concentrated liquid herbal extract, and an infusion, which is basically a tea. Push harder, achieve greater with N-O endurance food. At least one report says that the seeds are significantly poisonous and too many could be lethal to children, other reports don’t mention it. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Nitric Oxide is even more important after 40. 2008 Sep 10;56(17):7700-9. Am Fam Physician. Hawthorn and Heart Health. ", However, one long-term study completed in 2009 did not confirm these benefits. The leaves of common hawthorn are not as deeply cut. Hawthorn is the oldest European medicinal herb. No. 4 Herbal Medicine Uses of Hawthorn Hawthorn is a thorny, flowering tree or shrub of the rose family. Hawthorn is also thought to increase heart muscle contraction, heart rate, nerve transmission, and heart muscle irritability., Many, but not all, studies suggest a benefit for hawthorn for this use. Clinical trials on patients with class II and III congestive heart failure found that 900 mg of hawthorn extract was “safe but not superior to placebo.” The recommended daily dose of hawthorn extract is 160 mg to 900 mg. Certain bioactive compounds found in the plant may be why it is effective at treating heart problems. When searching for herbs or herbal remedies, or hawthorn products, be sure to buy them from a reputable organic source. The C. oxyacantha species provides clinically documented hawthorn berry benefits. After 10 weeks, the 19 subjects who took hawthorn extract showed a greater reduction in resting diastolic blood pressure than other study members. Hawthorn is also thought to increase heart muscle contraction, heart rate, nerve transmission, and heart muscle irritability. Hawthorn can be consumed in several forms, including: tea, tincture, powder, supplements, or syrup. 2008 23;(1):CD005312. Hawthorn, also known as mayflower, is a member of the rose family, whose flowers, leaves and fruits have been used for food and medicine since the Neolithic period. You may be surprised to learn that hawthorn berry benefits include heart health, supports normalizing blood pressure and cholesterol, and gastroprotective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a member of the rose family (Rosaceae) belonging to the genus Crataegus. Hawthorn Extract Randomized Blinded Chronic Heart Failure (HERB CHF) trial. 2006;56(527):437-43. Check Pond Plant Prices Names of Hawthorn in various languages of the world are also given. American Family Physicians. This plant may offer added benefits to people with high cholesterol, diabetes, and anxiety. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Neil Holmes / Photolibrary / Getty Images, What You Need to Know About Shepherd's Purse, Yohimbe Has Potential Health Benefits but Comes With Risks. A German study focusing on patients with heart failure found that administering hawthorn extract showed measurable improvement in their patients’ health. There are various species of hawthorn, many of which are found in North America. Chin J Integr Med. Hawthorn provided no symptomatic or functional benefit when given with standard medical therapy., Studies with hawthorn are conflicting for its effectiveness in reducing high blood pressure. It may take up to four to eight weeks to see noticeable effects from taking hawthorn remedies. Br J Gen Pract. According to a 2008 review of 14 studies that included a total of 855 chronic heart failure patients, hawthorn may help manage symptoms and improve physiologic outcomes when used as a supporting treatment for chronic heart failure.